Early Chicago: The Chicago Whip
The Chicago Whip started in 1919. Run by Harvard trained lawyer Joseph Bibb until 1932, the Whip was considered a racially militant paper. Its "Don't Spend Your Money Where You Can't Work" campaign illustrates the black press's activism against injustice. The campaign advocated boycotting white store owners using discriminatory hiring practices in black neighborhoods. The campaign was instrumental in obtaining over 15,000 jobs in Chicago for blacks. The Whip survived until 1939.